J-1 student status are for individuals in the U.S. as exchange visitors for the primary purpose of studying at an academic institution under the auspices of the Department of State and a designated program sponsor. A J-1 student must be full-time in a degree seeking program. May work 20 hours on-campus during the academic year and 40 hours on-campus during breaks and holidays with written permission from the Office of International Services (OISS).
Wayne State University is designated by the United States Department of State to sponsor internship programs on its campus in accordance with the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 (Fulbright-Hayes Act).
"The primary objectives of the programs offered under these regulations are to enhance the skills and expertise of exchange visitors in their academic or occupational fields through participation in structured and guided work-based training and internship programs and to improve participants' knowledge of American techniques, methodologies, and expertise. Such training and internship programs are also intended to increase participants' understanding of American culture and society and to enhance Americans' knowledge of foreign cultures and skills through an open interchange of ideas between participants and their American associates. A key goal of the Fulbright-Hays Act, which authorizes these programs, is that participants will return to their home countries and share their experiences with their countrymen."
- Code of Federal Regulations 22 C.F.R. § 62.22(b)(1)(i)
A J-1 Internship allows students outside the United States to participate as an intern in the U.S. related to the degree objective they are pursuing in their home institution. Students can obtain a maximum of 12 months experience for each degree they are pursuing.
Both categories require a DS-2019, which is a certificate of eligibility for exchange visitor status.